PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP!Threat to cut AID SUPPLY to TO SOUTH AFRICA

President Donald Trump points to someone in the audience as he speaks during a National Day of Prayer in the Rose Garden of the White House in Washington, Thursday, May 3, 2018.
© AP Photo/Susan Walsh President Donald Trump points to someone in the audience as he speaks during a National Day of Prayer in the Rose Garden of the White House in Washington, Thursday, May 3, 2018.
2018-05-04-op-ed-trumps-threat-to-cut-us-aid-to-south-africa-the-real-issues
© Provided by Daily Maverick 2018-05-04-op-ed-trumps-threat-to-cut-us-aid-to-south-africa-the-real-issues

Editor’s note: The opinions in this article are the author’s, as published by our content partner, and do not represent the views of MSN or Microsoft.

Unlike the other top 10 nations most frequently voting against the US in the UN, South Africa, in security terms, is viewed as a vital strategic ally which has powerful political allies in Asia, Europe, and Latin America. We will probably see Trump flip flopping on the threat to cut aid to South Africa.

Those who claim the Donald Trump administration has a negative view about the continent of Africa are correct. In fact, their well stated impressions tend to lean towards being an understatement about the most right wing US administration in African Affairs since the days of Ronald Reagan which in some respects makes Reagan seem to be a bit more to the left.

The evidence in fact is overwhelming since the transitional days of the Trump administration regarding the deep degree of negativity, indeed stereotypical ignorance of Trump and those in his inner circle have towards the continent.

Certainly Trump’s sh**hole remark last January most grotesquely displays his negativity towards the continent despite his weak effort to take his words back and has yet to issue an apology. More than likely he will not bother to apologise for making such offence reports towards the second populous continent on the planet which fits his pattern of offending, denying, and then moving on to the next insulting adventure.

It is no startling news, though as unfortunate it happens to be, that Trump has yet to press to fill the missing senior leadership gaps in State Department African affairs such as is apparent in the absence of the Assistant Secretary for African Affairs and Ambassadorships to key African countries such as South Africa, Somalia, and Tanzania unlike in the cases of such essential senior State Department appointments in Asian, European, and Latin American Affairs goes beyond any attempted excuse such as benign neglect or bureaucratic snares. It is an unprecedented insult of a US President towards the continent. In addition Trump has only recently, after over a year in office, finally received in the White House, President Muhammadu Buhari as the first African Head of State.

Additionally, as more than few observers of US-African Affairs have pointed out, the firing of Rex Tillerson as the Secretary of State. His successor former CIA Director Mike Pompeo is not a good omen for US-African Affairs. And certainly that Tillerson was on mission to Africa to clean up the Trump shithole remarks fiasco when he was fired gives even more weight to Trump’s disinterest in the continent.

Tillerson is a savvy post-Cold War corporate businessman who countered the cultural bigotry of the Trump administration and anticipated being willing to do such during his Senate hearing. He had experience in and respect for the continent which explains his silence in the midst of Trump’s shithole remarks – incidentally a point strangely missed by the mainstream global media.

If his hands had not been tied by the Trump administration’s right-wing foreign affairs and department cutbacks, we would have seen a State Department much more inclined to support trade, good governance, rule of law, and well-being American approaches to the continent.

But who knows, given that he did oversee the closing of the South Sudan Special Envoy office put in place by the Obama-Biden administration which has been criticised as evidence of Tillerson’s insensitivity towards human rights.

What we now have in Pompeo is a right-wing politician with little or no experience on or about the continent who has the potential of having a security approach to American foreign policy globally and with the potential of militarising through engaging primarily in counter-terrorism.

This could lead to a quasi-return to the Cold War days where tyrannical and otherwise corrupt African leaders who are violators of human rights and who support American military programs to fight terrorism in Kenya, Nigeria, Sudan, Somalia, and Chad are more highly regarded than African Heads of State doing all they can to sustain peace in their borders and raise the standard of living of their citizens.

It is important to encounter and deny the myth going around that the Trump administration has no policy approach to the continent of Africa. Though not formulated officially, there is a Trump African Affairs policy. It is, as said, security as well as accountability. Enough has been said about security.

When it comes to accountability, since the Trump administration transition days there has been at least informal concern about where allocated foreign aid is going on the continent. Questions have been raised about why it is that millions of dollars have been given to African countries to fight terrorism but it still rages on and to the fight against HIV/Aids but it is still spreading.

There has been recent concern about the Trump administration cutting aid to South Africa like other nations frequently voting against the United States in the United Nations. This is more than likely an idle threat as is the situation in many other cases of Trump’s foreign policy declarations.

Unlike the other top 10 nations most frequently voting against the US in the UN, South Africa, in security terms, is viewed as a vital strategic ally which has powerful political allies in Asia, Europe, and Latin America. We will probably see Trump flip-flopping on the threat to cut aid to South Africa.

It is a nothing threat since the majority of other top 10 countries voting against the United States are already on the States naughty list and are not receiving any aid or very little such as North Korea,Venezeula, Cuba, and Zimbabwe.

The major issue that the South African government will have to answer to is why in 2016, as a middle income nation, did their country receive nearly $460 million in foreign assistance and why it has in the past been so generously given US foreign aid? Where did it go? Is it being used effectively? Which measures are in place to assure the money did not land in personal pockets and reached those it was supposed to? Such bottom line accountability questions will be asked also of other richer or poorer African state leaders.

Whoever becomes the new Assistant Secretary of State and future incoming Ambassadors to African countries will be asking such accountability questions which could result in severe consequences to those nations not doing essential things to end their historical dependency on American dollars and becoming much more economic independent in their internal societal affairs.

The tightness of money and emerging new generations of international aid NGOs who are post-Cold War in their thinking and developmental empowerment aspirations for the continent and its nations are also asking hard ball questions about fiscal management and impact outcomes as is the case for the United States and other traditional donor nations.

We have to even consider this in regards to China in African Affairs which has become the largest donor to the continent. The gravy cannot continue to flow from China to the continent of Africa forever. Chinese direct foreign investment in Africa is only 5% of its global direct investment donations and more than likely will decrease over the coming years.

So, just like the worries about any degree of decline of US and other Western foreign investment assistance in Africa there needs to be the equal if not greater concern when it comes to the realities of eventual Chinese cutbacks on aid.

The impact of possible Chinese decline in investing in such critical such as massive physical infrastructure projects will have devastating impacts in African nations.

The only way out of this situation, which is ultimately about the economic and social well-being of African countries guided by good governance and rule of law, is going to have to be the development of new ways that African governments and civil societies organise, mobilise, and engage with the rest of the world. This must include and go beyond institutional endeavours such as the African Union, the regional cooperative entities, BRICS, and external ones such as the United Nations, the IMF, and the World Bank.

It is time for Africans to become independent in generating their own revenue and having in place effective accountability standards to assure sound fiscal management and impact in how revenue is used to address vital public good matters.

It is time that Africans cease viewing themselves as dependents in need of handouts. This has been said by many others within and outside the continent over the years. It has now come to the point with African nations finding their backs against the global wall that they must begin to rise and effectively take care of their own developmental empowerment business. DM

Professor John H Stanfield II, Human Sciences Research Institute and Director of a new think tank: Institute for the Advanced Study of African Renaissance Policies Ideas.

What Africa really thinks of Trump (Supplied by MSN) 

Slide 1 of 35: U.S. President Donald Trump arrives at a campaign rally in Phoenix, Arizona, U.S., August 22, 2017.   REUTERS/Joshua Roberts     TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY
One year into the Trump presidency, U.S.-based, global performance-management consulting company Gallup, conducted a survey in four regions—Asia, Americas, Africa and Europe—asking more than 130 countries their assessment of the current American leadership. The poll revealed the president’s global approval rating was at a new low of 30 percent—nearly 20 points down from president Barack Obama’s last year in office. Here is the list of the top five most-approving countries from each region followed by the most-disapproving.

Guatemala: 30%

Slide 2 of 35: U.S. Secretary of Homeland Security John F. Kelly, left, and Guatemala's Foreign Minister Carlos Morales stand together during a photo opportunity at the Foreign Affairs Ministry in Guatemala City, Wednesday, Feb. 22, 2017. Kelly is in Guatemala for a two day official visit. (AP Photo/Luis Soto)
The approval rates of the U.S. presidency fell to a new low in Guatemala, but they were significantly higher than other countries in the Americas. (Pictured) U.S. Secretary of Homeland Security John F. Kelly (L) with Guatemala’s Foreign Minister Carlos Morales

Brazil: 33%

Slide 3 of 35: Supporters of U.S. Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump hold signs at Paulista avenue in Sao Paulo, Brazil, October 29, 2016.  REUTERS/Paulo Whitaker
Although the South American country has a high approval rating, more than 24 percent of Brazilians lost faith in the current leadership as compared to 2016.

Honduras: 35%

Slide 4 of 35: U.S. fans arrive at the stadium to attend a 2018 World Cup qualifying soccer match between the U.S. and Honduras in San Pedro Sula, Honduras, Tuesday, Sept. 5, 2017. (AP Photo/Rebecca Blackwell)
It was the third-highest approving nation in the Americas, even as 49 percent of the population did not favor the U.S. leadership.

Venezuela: 37%

Slide 5 of 35: MIAMI, FL - MARCH 01:  A protester holds a Venezuelan and American flag as she and other Venezuelans and their supporters show their support for the anti-government protests in Venezuela on March 1, 2014 in Miami, Florida. In Venezuela, protests over the past couple of weeks have resulted in violence as government opponents and supporters have faced off in the streets.  (Photo by Joe Raedle/Getty Images)
Despite Trump’s withdrawal from the Trans-Pacific Partnership and putting the NAFTA in danger, his approval fell by nine percent.

Romania and Hungary: 41%

Slide 6 of 35: european union, romanian and american flags waving in the wind
Even after his trips to the region in 2017, the European nations barely scraped through in favor of Trump’s presidency.

Dominican Republic: 42%

Slide 7 of 35: Mandatory Credit: Photo by Orlando Barria/Epa/REX/Shutterstock (8462197c) Us Ambassador to the Dominican Republic James W Brewster Speaks During the Us Election Night in Santo Domingo Dominican Republic 08 November 2016 Americans Vote on Election Day to Choose the 45th President of the United States of America to Serve From 2017 Through 2020 Dominican Republic Santo Domingo Dominican Republic Usa Election Day 2016 - Nov 2016 US Ambassador to the Dominican Republic, James W. Brewster speaks during the US election night in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, 08 November 2016. Americans vote on Election Day to choose the 45th President of the United States of America to serve from 2017 through 2020.
It’s the only exception in the Americas where Trump’s approval is more than the disapproval percentage. (Pictured) U.S. Ambassador to the Dominican Republic James W. Brewster.

Italy and Macedonia: 45%

Slide 8 of 35: President Donald Trump addresses U.S. military troops and their families at the Sigonella Naval Air Station, in Sigonella, Italy, Saturday, May 27, 2017. (AP Photo/Luca Bruno)
While his ratings fell precipitously by 14 percent in longtime ally Italy, they increased by 14 percent in Macedonia after it renewed its U.S.-backed efforts to join NATO and the EU.

Myanmar and Nepal: 48%

Slide 9 of 35: Myanmar leader Aung San Suu Kyi smiles during a press briefing with U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson (not in photo) at the Foreign Ministry office in Naypyitaw, Myanmar, Wednesday, Nov. 15, 2017. (AP Photo/Aung Shine Oo)
Among Asian nations, Myanmar saw a 22 percent decline, but Nepal saw a two-year high with six percent more people approving Trump over former president Obama. (Pictured) Myanmar’s State Counselor Aung San Suu Kyi.

Cambodia: 55%

Slide 10 of 35: U.S. Ambassador to Cambodia William Heidt, rear center, gives a press conference at the U.S. Embassy in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, Tuesday, Sept. 12, 2017. Heidt has delivered sharp response to allegations by Prime Minister Hun Sen that Washington is seeking to dislodge his government, denying the allegations and warning that Cambodia is doing itself damage international with its anti-American campaign. (AP Photo/Heng Sinith)
It joined four other nations of the region where a majority of the populace approve of the Commander-in-Chief. (Pictured) U.S. Ambassador to Cambodia William Heidt (R).

Poland and Mongolia: 56%

Slide 11 of 35: People hold U.S. and Polish flags as they watch an official welcoming ceremony for U.S. troops deployed to Poland as part of NATO build-up in Eastern Europe in Zagan, Poland, January 14, 2017. REUTERS/Kacper Pempel
2017 was the first time a majority of Poles (pictured) have ever approved of any U.S. leadership. The change could be attributed to the president’s July trip to the country. Mongolia saw a four percent increase in U.S. leadership approval since 2016.

Philippines: 59%

Slide 12 of 35: President Donald Trump and Philippines President Rodrigo Duterte, right, join other leaders for a family photo at an ASEAN Summit dinner at the SMX Convention Center, Sunday, Nov. 12, 2017, in Manila, Philippines. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
While ratings fell by 12 percent during his first year in office, the Philippines is one of four Asian nations that approves of Trump. (Pictured) Trump with Philippines President Rodrigo Duterte (R).

Democratic Republic of the Congo: 64%

Slide 13 of 35: First lady Melania Trump presents the 2017 Secretary's of State's International Women of Courage (IWOC) Award to Rebecca Kabugho from Democratic Republic of the Congo, Wednesday, March 29, 2017, at the State Department in Washington. (AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais)
It joined the group of 11 African nations where his approval fell by more than 10 points since 2016. (Pictured) U.S. First lady Melania Trump presents the 2017 Secretary of State’s International Women of Courage (IWOC) Award to Rebecca Kabugho from DRC.

Ghana: 66%

Slide 14 of 35: 3D illustration of United States of America & Ghana Flags are waving in the sky; Shutterstock ID 409376644
A majority of the surveyed people have expressed growing support for the American leadership, with ratings going up by five percent within a year.

Israel: 67%

Slide 15 of 35: A man cycles past signs bearing the name of U.S. President-elect Republican Donald Trump in Tel Aviv, Israel November 14, 2016. REUTERS/Baz Ratner      TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY
It saw a 14 percent increase, becoming the only Asian country where U.S. approval increased substantially. Trump had promised during his campaign that he would recognize Jerusalem as the country’s capital. Note: The Gallup survey took place in Israel before the Trump administration had announced of recognizing Jerusalem as capital of Israel.

Central African Republic: 68%

Slide 16 of 35: Flags Central African Republic, United States countries, handshake cooperation, partnership and friendship or sports competition isolated on white
More than half the country expressed support for the 45th American leader, though it was a record low.

Togo: 70%

Slide 17 of 35: Secretary of State Rex Tillerson, right, shakes hands with Togolese Foreign Minister Robert Dussey, Thursday, June 29, 2017, at the State Department in Washington. (AP Photo/c)
It joined the majority of nations in Africa that like the leadership. (Pictured) Togolese Foreign Minister Robert Dussey (L) with U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson.

Guinea: 71%

Slide 18 of 35: The Chairman of the African Union and President of Guinea Alpha Conde, left, and U.S. President Donald Trump, right, pose for a selfie prior to a working session at the G-20 summit in Hamburg, northern Germany, Saturday, July 8, 2017. The leaders of the group of 20 meet July 7 and 8. (AP Photo/Michael Sohn)
The African nation has the highest number of people in the region who are in favor of the current American leader. (Pictured) President Alpha Conde with Trump.

Albania: 72%

Slide 19 of 35: NBC News -- Pictured: A Tirana family -- U.S. President George Bush visits Tirana, the capital city of Albania on June 10, 2007  (Photo by Andy Eckardt/NBC/NBCU Photo Bank via Getty Images)
The country didn’t break tradition and was ranked second in favor of the U.S.

Kosovo: 75%

Slide 20 of 35: Children applaud  next to a cardboard depicting U.S President Donald Trump at a restaurant near the town of Ferizaj on January 28, 2017, where  45 pizzas were given for free in honor to the new elected  President of the United States of America. / AFP / Armend NIMANI        (Photo credit should read ARMEND NIMANI/AFP/Getty Images)
It leads all the nations in the world that approve of the current U.S. administration. Here are the top five countries from each region that disapprove of the Trump administration.

Botswana and Mauritania: 36%

Slide 21 of 35: Vice President of the Republic of Botswana, Mokgweetsi Eric Keabetswe Masisi, addresses the 72nd United Nations General Assembly at U.N. headquarters in New York, U.S., September 21, 2017. REUTERS/Lucas Jackson
While U.S. approval ratings is usually good in African nations, it plummeted by 11 percent in Botswana and set a new record low in Mauritania. (Pictured) Vice President of Botswana Mokgweetsi Masisi.

Namibia: 41%

Slide 22 of 35: President Hage Geingob of Namibia addresses the United Nations General Assembly in the Manhattan borough of New York, U.S., September 21, 2016.  REUTERS/Mike Segar
Residents here are more likely to disapprove than approve of the leadership. (Pictured) President Hage Geingob.

Algeria: 44%

Slide 23 of 35: Protesters chant slogans during a protest against U.S. President Donald Trump's decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, in Algiers, Algeria December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Ramzi Boudina
Only one in four or less adults liked the way the current American leadership.

Tunisia: 58%

Slide 24 of 35: Tunisian demonstrators gather in Tunis, Thursday, Dec.7, 2017. The demonstration has been called against U.S President Donald Trump administration's decision to recognize Jerusalem as Israel's capital. (AP Photo/Hassene Dridi)
In Tunisia almost 58% of the people do not approve Trump over former President Barack Obama.

Libya: 64%

Slide 25 of 35: A protester holds up a cutout sign during a protest of President Donald Trump's executive order banning travel to the U.S. by citizens of Iraq, Syria, Iran, Sudan, Libya, Somalia or Yemen Sunday, Jan. 29, 2017, at Philadelphia International Airport in Philadelphia. (AP Photo/Corey Perrine)
The travel and immigration ban probably turned Libyans against the administration.

Australia and Afghanistan: 65%

Slide 26 of 35: MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA - NOVEMBER 20 : People stage a protest against President-elect Donald Trump of Republican Party in Melbourne, Australia on November 20, 2016. (Photo by Asanka Brendon Ratnayake/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)
Trump walked out from the Trans-Pacific Partnership deal that involved Australia making their approval drop (pictured) to a record low. Afghanistan joined the majority of Asia that isn’t in favor of the presidency as well.

Argentina: 69%

Slide 27 of 35: A man wearing a t-shirt with the abbreviation of the Soviet Union holds up an anti U.S. President Donald Trump sign during a protest outside the U.S. embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina, January 20, 2017. REUTERS/Marcos Brindicci
The South American nation saw ratings in favor of the U.S. president’s office decline by 20 percent.

Uruguay: 70%

Slide 28 of 35: President of Uruguay Tabare Vazquez is pictured during a news conference held with German Chancellor Angela Merkel (not in the picture) at the Chancellery in Berlin, Germany on February 8, 2017. (Photo by Emmanuele Contini/NurPhoto via Getty Images)
It is one of the least-likely nations in the Americas in favor of the leadership. (Pictured) President Tabare Vazquez.

New Zealand: 71%

Slide 29 of 35: AUCKLAND, NEW ZEALAND - JANUARY 21:  Thousands of people march up Queen Street on January 21, 2017 in Auckland, New Zealand. The marches in New Zealand were organised to show solidarity with those marching on Washington DC and around the world in defense of women's rights and human rights.  (Photo by Fiona Goodall/Getty Images)
Setting a record in disapproval ratings, only 15 percent of the population was in favor of the administration.

Mexico and Palestinian Territories: 72%

Slide 30 of 35: Demonstrators hold a banner during a march to protest against U.S. President Donald Trump's proposed border wall, and to call for unity, in Mexico City, Mexico, February 12, 2017. REUTERS/Jose Luis Gonzalez
The construction of the border wall and deportation of Mexicans from the U.S. and the order of recognizing Jerusalem as the capital of Israel were the reasons the two countries dislike the Trump leadership.

Chile and Netherlands: 74%

Slide 31 of 35: Chilean supporters of Palestine and Palestinians protest against U.S. President Donald Trump's recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, in front of the United States embassy in Santiago on December 11, 2017. / AFP PHOTO / Pablo VERA        (Photo credit should read PABLO VERA/AFP/Getty Images)
Chile (pictured) saw a new record high of people being critical of the 45th president. Around 38 percent more people of the Netherlands have lost confidence in the office since 2016.

Canada, Sweden and Pakistan: 76%

Slide 32 of 35: People hold signs outside the United States consulate during a protest against U.S. President Donald Trump's executive order travel ban in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, January 30, 2017. REUTERS/Chris Helgren
Canada has been quite vocal in its disapproval of Trump. While in Pakistan, following Trump criticized the country as a “safe haven” for terrorists, there has been immense descent. Sweden is one of the countries where his approval is the lowest at 11 percent.

Iceland: 77%

Slide 33 of 35: Prime Minister Bjarni Benediktsson speaks in Parliament in Reykjavik, Iceland, September 13, 2017. REUTERS/Geirix
They tied with the Russians at the bottom of the approval list, with only eight percent were in favor of the U.S. Commander-in-Chief. (Pictured) Iceland’s Prime Minister Bjarni Benediktsson.

Austria: 79%

Slide 34 of 35: Austria's Foreign Minister Sebastian Kurz (L) and U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson arrive for a news conference during a meeting of OSCE Foreign Ministers in Vienna, Austria, December 7, 2017. REUTERS/Leonhard Foeger
With an approval difference of 18 percent from 2016, only 17 percent of Austrians favor Trump. (Pictured) Then-Foreign Minister Sebastian Kurz (L) and U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson in Vienna, Austria, on Dec. 7, 2017.

Norway: 83%

Slide 35 of 35: Protesters gather for the Women's March in Oslo, Norway, January 21, 2017. The march is being held in solidarity with similar events taking place internationaly. / AFP / NTB Scanpix / Stian Lysberg SOLUM / Norway OUT        (Photo credit should read STIAN LYSBERG SOLUM/AFP/Getty Images)
It was one of 18 NATO allies, where the leadership saw a 42-point decline.

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